You just need to add one extra argument
# tar -xzvf file.tar.gz -C /destination/path
# tar -czvf test.tar.gz test/
So, now our test directory is compressed. let us extract it inside /tmp staying under /home
[root@test home]# tar -xzvf test.tar.gz -C /tmp/
# cd /tmp
# ls -l
drwx------. 4 test test 4096 Sep 28 12:46 test
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