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    Thursday, June 19, 2014

    How to run any script or cron job in Linux for every second

    There was this one time when I ran into the situation when my /tmp partition was getting full at 100% and I got an threshold alert but again when I checked the same it was never utilizing  more than 20%. So I planned to monitor the changes inside my /tmp directory in seconds so that I can find out the exact time for the spike and threshold alert.

    Now this was one scenario I was into, there can be others where you need to monitor an event on a per second wise so what should we do?

    Here is what I did.

    Created a cron job entry for every second

    To edit the cronjobs use the below command
    # crontab -e
    * * * * *
    while true; do df -h /tmp >> /root/filesystem.txt & sleep 1; done
    Save and exit

    Here the output of df -h /tmp will be stored inside /root/filesystem.txt every second.

    Now lets monitor the output. For live feed and changes inside any file use the below command
    # tail -f /root/filesystem.txt
                          6.8G  4.3G  2.2G  66% /
    Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
                          6.8G  4.3G  2.2G  66% /
    Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
                          6.8G  4.3G  2.2G  66% /
    Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
                          6.8G  4.3G  2.2G  66% /

    So, as you see the above command started showing me live output, using which I was able to identify the time of the spike and the rest of the story is not relevant to this article.

    But the bottom line is you can use the above script to run any of your cron jobs for every second.

    The same if you want to change for 5 second, just adjust the sleep value as per your requirement.

    Another example
    # crontab -e
    * * * * *
    while true; do date >> /root/date.txt &  sleep 1; done

    # tail -f /root/date.txt
    Thu Jun 19 11:12:24 IST 2014
    Thu Jun 19 11:12:25 IST 2014
    Thu Jun 19 11:12:26 IST 2014
    Thu Jun 19 11:12:27 IST 2014
    Thu Jun 19 11:12:28 IST 2014
    Thu Jun 19 11:12:29 IST 2014
    Thu Jun 19 11:12:30 IST 2014
    Thu Jun 19 11:12:31 IST 2014
    Thu Jun 19 11:12:32 IST 2014

    I hope I made my self clear

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