• VMware

    Learn about VMware virtualization for its products like vsphere ESX and ESXi, vCenter Server, VMware View, VMware P2V and many more

  • Linux

    Step by step configuration tutorials for many of the Linux services like DNS, DHCP, FTP, Samba4 etc including many tips and tricks in Red Hat Linux.

  • Database

    Learn installation and configuration of databases like Oracle, My SQL, Postgresql, etc including many other related tutorials in Linux.

  • Life always offers you a second chance ... Its called tomorrow !!!

    Saturday, September 21, 2013

    Opnefire installation guide in Linux (Red Hat)

    Let me show you step by step installation guide for openfire in Red hat Linux 6.2 using Postgresql database.

    Make sure you have postgresql database and openfire rpm installed in your machine
    You can get openfire rpm package from the official site of openfire as shown below

    Installaing Pre-requisites

    Install the following packages for Postgresql database

    # yum install postgresql postgresql-server postgresql-libs
    Install openfire rpm
    # rpm -ivh openfire-3.8.2-1.i386.rpm

    Configure postgresql database for openfire

    Now as soon as you install the rpm file of postgresql, a user "postgres" is created by default which you can verify by using the below command
    # cat /etc/passwd | grep postgres
    postgres:x:26:26:PostgreSQL Server:/var/lib/pgsql:/bin/bash

    So, as you can see above the default values for user postgres are
    Home Directory: /var/lib/pgsql
    Default Shell: /bin/bash
    Default Password: None

    You need to manually assign a password to user "postgres" by using below command
    # passwd postgres

    Before starting the services database has to be initialized. Login as postgres user
    # su - postgres

    -bash-4.1$ initdb --pgdata=/var/lib/pgsql/data
    The files belonging to this database system will be owned by user "postgres".
    This user must also own the server process.

    The database cluster will be initialized with locale en_US.UTF-8.
    The default database encoding has accordingly been set to UTF8.
    The default text search configuration will be set to "english".

    creating directory /var/lib/pgsql/data ... ok
    creating subdirectories ... ok
    selecting default max_connections ... 100
    selecting default shared_buffers ... 32MB
    creating configuration files ... ok
    creating template1 database in /var/lib/pgsql/data/base/1 ... ok
    initializing pg_authid ... ok
    initializing dependencies ... ok
    creating system views ... ok
    loading system objects' descriptions ... ok
    creating conversions ... ok
    creating dictionaries ... ok
    setting privileges on built-in objects ... ok
    creating information schema ... ok
    vacuuming database template1 ... ok
    copying template1 to template0 ... ok
    copying template1 to postgres ... ok

    WARNING: enabling "trust" authentication for local connections
    You can change this by editing pg_hba.conf or using the -A option the
    next time you run initdb.

    Success. You can now start the database server using:

        postgres -D /var/lib/pgsql/data
        pg_ctl -D /var/lib/pgsql/data -l logfile start

    Now once your database is initialized start postgresql service as root
    $ su - root

    # /etc/init.d/postgresql start
    Starting postgresql service:                              
    [  OK  ]

    Creating a user and database for openfire

    # useradd deepak
    # passwd deepak
    Assign a password for user "deepak"

    Now login as postgres user
    # su - postgres
    -bash-4.1$ createdb openfire
    -bash-4.1$ psql openfire
    psql (8.4.13)
    Type "help" for help.

    CREATE USER deepak WITH PASSWORD 'example123';
    openfire=# GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON DATABASE openfire to deepak;

    Now verify from command line if you can login to openfire database using user deepak. To quit from the postgres console
    openfire=# \q

    Login as deepak
    -bash-4.1$ su - deepak

    [deepak@test ~]$ psql -d openfire -U deepak
    psql (8.4.13)
    Type "help" for help.


    So we have sucessfully connected to our database using deepak user.

    Configuring openfire

    NOTE: For this tutorial I have disabled my firewall and selinux.

    Open a browser on a client machine or localhost using GUI and go to the below mentioned url


    Follow the below screenshots

    I got few error while connecting to the openfire database. I have created separate post for them. Please follow the below links if you get the same error messages in your /opt/openfire/logs/error.log file

    FATAL: no pg_hba.conf entry for host "localhost", user "myuser", database "openfire", SSL off

    Check that the hostname and port are correct and that the postmaster is accepting TCP/IP connections

    Click on Finish complete the setup.

    Now go to the CLI of your openfire server to start the chat services
    # cd /opt/openfire/bin
    # ./openfire.sh
    Openfire 3.8.2 [Sep 21, 2013 6:09:18 PM]
    Admin console listening at:

    Run the above given script

    NOTE: Make sure you don't close this terminal as it will close the running services of your chat server

    Follow the below links for more tutorials


    Post a Comment