Part 4: How to create, launch and connect to an instance from scratch in Openstack

Below list of topics are covered in this article

Below steps and screenshots are validated from Red Hat based Openstack platform, but the steps and commands will work also on the opensource Openstack running on any other distribution

Create an Instance

To Launch an Instance, Login to you Horizon Dashboard using the user for which the instance needs to be created. I will use admin user as I have not created any other project for this article.

Login using “admin” to your Horizon DashBoard

Navigate to Project -> Compute -> Instance -> Launch Instance

Fill in the required details

Under Details TAB
Availability Zone : nova
Instance Name : testvm
Flavor : m1.test
Instance Count : 1
Boot Source : Boot from Image
Image Name : CentOS7

Part 4: How to create, launch and connect to an instance from scratch in Openstack

Under Access and Security
Key Pair : test
Security Group : default

Part 4: How to create, launch and connect to an instance from scratch in Openstack

Under Networking
Selected networks : internal_network

Part 4: How to create, launch and connect to an instance from scratch in Openstack

Click on “Launch

It may take few minutes depending upon your environment for the instance to be up and ready.

Associate Floating IP to the Instance

Since we have not yet generated any floating IP, at this stage it self we will generate and assign one floating IP to my instance

Next select the instance and from the drop down menu as shwon below select “Associate Floating IP
Part 4: How to create, launch and connect to an instance from scratch in Openstack
Click on the “plus” sign to generate a floating IP
Part 4: How to create, launch and connect to an instance from scratch in Openstack

Select the external network pool and generate a free floating IP which can be associated to the instance
Part 4: How to create, launch and connect to an instance from scratch in Openstack

Now we have a Floating IP with us “192.168.122.4” which we can assign to this instance
Part 4: How to create, launch and connect to an instance from scratch in Openstack

Now as you can see floating ip has been assigned to my instance
Part 4: How to create, launch and connect to an instance from scratch in Openstack

Modify Security Group for the Instance

We had used the “default” security group for this instance as a part of which by default ICMP and SSH protocols are blocked so we must enable them before we try to connect the instance

To modify the security group

Navigate to Project ->  Compute -> Access & Security -> Security Groups -> default

Select the checkbox of default and click on “Manage Rules

Click on “Add Rule

From the drop down menu select “Allow ICMP” and “Add
Part 4: How to create, launch and connect to an instance from scratch in Openstack
Next again create another rule and select “SSH” and “Add
Part 4: How to create, launch and connect to an instance from scratch in Openstack

Connect to the Instance

NOTE: Make sure the permission on the private key file is 600
[root@openstack ~]# chmod 600 Downloads/test.pem

Next try to connect to the instance

[root@openstack ~]# ssh -i Downloads/test.pem 192.168.122.4
root@192.168.122.4’s password:

[root@host-192-168-100-2 ~]#

IMPORTANT NOTE: Since we had changed the password of our image file for root user, we are directly able to login as root. If you have not followed that step then you must login as “centos” user.

So all went well here. I hope the article was useful.

Please let me know your views and feedback in the comment section below.

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